23 April 2016

Why that cargo door on 1st A350-1000 prototype?

Airbus has installed in the MSN59, the 1st A350-1000 prototype, the same Emergency escape hatch for test-crew that was installed in the MSN1, the first A350-900 prototype.

Source: Airbus

The main cargo door, manufactured in Korea by KAI wil not be flying on the first set of test-flights of the MSN59. As it occurred in the MSN1 first flight prototype.

Each test flight is operated by a crew of 2 pilots and 3 flight engineers, who monitor the stream of data flowing from a multitude of sensors into a bank of computers installed in the middle of the cabin

Source: Airbus

On all seats is a parachute. If things should go terribly awry and the crew needs to evacuate, a bright-orange railing leads them from the cockpit door to a hatch in the floor above the forward cargo door.
By pulling a lever, the crew can trigger a set of explosive charges that will blow a hole in the right side of the fuselage. They can then leap down a slide, through the hole, and into the air.

Source: Airbus

More details about the emergency scape.

The cargo door could be installed later as it was done beginning of 2015 in the MSN1.

18 April 2016

A350 thrust reversers actuation system to be corrected.

Airbus has modified the thrust-reverser actuation system of production A350-900s after a failure of a locking mechanism on an in-service aircraft.


The locking actuator was removed from the jet after several failure messages, and investigators found that it failed a primary lock integrity test, said the European Aviation Safety Agency.

EASA stated that the component can be affected by internal contamination from carbon dust, and that this can affect the retention capability of the actuator.

Source: Airbus

EASA said 2 out of 3 retention mechanisms of the thrust reversers can potentially be affected by the problem, which would leave only the 3rd system – a lock employing a different design – for retention.

Airbus has introduced a new thrust-reverser actuation system standard into A350 production, after Goodrich corrected the problem.

EASA has ordered in-service A350s to be modified to the same standard, within 750 cycles since first flight.

Goodrich Aerospace Europe (part of UTC Aerospace Systems' Aerostructures) is producing the thrust reversers in a new dedicated building at its Toulouse site, with a 50.000-square-foot thrust reverser robotic production area with a moving assembly line.

Goodrich is providing all three members of the A350 XWB family's nacelle and thrust reverser system, wheels and carbon brakes, air data system and ice detection system, external video system and cabin attendant seats.

Additionally, for the new A350-1000, Goodrich is providing the main landing gear.

Based on the article “A350 thrust-reversers modified after lock flaw” published in FlightGlobal.


03 April 2016

3 areas with particular attention in the A350 operation

 “You cannot expect to have no problems,” said Didier Evrard, Airbus EVP for programs, who run the A350 program until the end of 2014.

“But what is important is that you take immediate action once something comes up. We have innovated quite a bit in the way we work.”

Evrard believes the goal of 98.5% dispatch reliability can be reached within 1-2 years.

Source: Airbus

A large dedicated team inside Airbus is dealing with the A350 2 hours per day, and Didier Evrard has instructed the team to immediately escalate any serious and new issues to his management level to ensure things are properly addressed.

Airbus detected 3 areas that have needed particular attention in the A350 operation.


First, the system that has created the most logbook entries so far is the onboard network that hosts all MRO applications.

According to Marc Virilli (Senior Director - Customer Services at Airbus), some human-machine interface improvements as well as software updates were needed.

“We have issued an evolution of the system which has already been implemented on the Qatar and Vietnam Airlines fleets, and we are seeing a decrease in the number of reports,” he said.

The rerelease has eliminated a number of software bugs that also affected communications between the aircraft and the ground.


Second, Airbus was forced to issue a number of service bulletins and to remove some galley inserts, such as ovens or coffeemakers, because of leaks.

The leaks are related to a supplier that Airbus declines to identify.

But Virilli said that after corrective action was taken, the number of reports has come down 50%.



And third, the bleed system’s over heating detection has issued nuisance warnings that have caused some operational disruption.

Airbus retrofitted a sensor connection using gold-plated connectors, and the issue has been eliminated.


Marc Virilli said “a combination of several factors” was affecting Qatar’s operations; some have improved while others are still being addressed, but in general, the overall situation has stabilized.


Meanwhile, Finnair has experienced “the expected amount of small technical issues that can typically be addressed by resetting the system.” Rather than a clear pattern, there have been “isolated things here and there”. However, Finnair has noticed a slightly higher use of spare parts in the cabin.


Based on the article “A350 Dispatch Reliability By Daniel Omale” pubished in Jimi Disu´s blog.


31 March 2016

Airbus to offer more flexibility and longer range to get new A350-900 orders.

The A350-900 will be able to fly even farther from 2020, thanks to increased fuel efficiency and an optional increased maximum takeoff weight (MTOW) of 280-tonne.

Source: Rami Khanna-Prade

The standard A350-900 (currently offered as a 268-tonne aircraft), will have the same MTOW as the recently launched Ultra Long Range A350-900 ULR version ordered by Singapore Airlines.

Additionally, Airbus has already developed a 278-tonne MTOW higher gross weight version for Philippine Airlines and its transpacific services.

Source: Rami Khanna-Prade

At the same time, the company will give the aircraft 2% reduction in fuel burn, with 1% coming from aerodynamic improvements, while the other 1% will come from changes within the Rolls-Royce XWB-84 engine.

Airbus says the combined MTOW increase and efficiency improvements will nudge the A350-900’s range up by an additional 500 nautical miles  (covering a distance of 8,100 nautical miles), if the aircraft is carrying 325 passengers in a 3-class configuration.

Source: Rami Khanna-Prade

“Airlines have pushed us in two directions on the A350,” Airbus EVP-strategy Kiran Rao said in London, pointing out that the A350-900 is being offered in a regional configuration with down-rated engines as well as in the ULR variant.

Rao said airlines increasingly wanted flexibility within their fleets, with the option of moving regional aircraft into long-haul operations.

By offering the higher-takeoff weight option into the standard A350-900 provides more flexibility depending on airline requirements, Airbus believes.

“We can take a regional aeroplane and turn it into ultra-long range, and vice versa,” said Rao.

“We are creating a flexible aircraft, and airlines buy into flexibility.

Source: Airbus

Rao gave few details about the aerodynamic performance improvements, but the company says they have been flown and tested.

Based on the article “Airbus To Offer 280-tonne MTOW A350-900” published in Aviation Daily

29 March 2016

Airbus studies 400 PAX A350-1000 moving lavs and galleys to a lower deck.

Airbus is considering adding a small lower deck to the A350-1000 jet to accommodate lavatories and kitchens.

This is not a new idea as it has been configured in some A330 and A340 as shown in the pictures, depending on cargo storage planned by each airline.

Source: Rafael Reca

Shifting these 'service areas' off the main deck would free up significant amounts of space for more seats in both business class and economy class, Airbus said.

"The average passenger doesn't want to sit next to a lav and doesn't want to sit next to a galley" explained Kiran Rao, Airbus Executive Vice-President for Strategy and Marketing.

Source: Mario Aurich

"As we move these service areas out of the passenger cabin we create space for more seats without compromising on comfort."

"So we are looking to utilize the under-floor area of the A350-1000 for galleys and lavs," Rao said at the launch of the aircraft manufacturer's Airspace cabin concept in London.

The space beneath the passenger deck is typically used for cargo but "on long aircraft you can't fill it all with cargo" Rao said, adding that this could mean larger galleys which would "give the cabin crew a nicer area to work in."

Although the A350-1000 will typically carry 366 passengers, freeing up space occupied by galleys and lavatories could boost the seat count closer to the 400 mark.

Based on the article “Airbus considers split-level layout for A350-1000” published in Australian Business Traveller.

28 March 2016

A stretch of the A350-1000 is possible without major changes

Airbus is showing a select group of airlines a stretched version of the A350-1000.


The idea is to get enough feedback from potential customers so that a decision to go ahead or not can be made during the summer.


What has changed now it that the A350-1000 is taking form on the Airbus Toulouse Final Assembly Line (FAL) and Airbus can now see that the A350-1000 will hit its performance and weight numbers.

Source: A380_TLS_A350

Airbus also has a lot of learning from the A350-900 which makes it confident that an A350-1000 stretch can be made with rather small changes.


The A350-1000 is very close in capacity to the Boeing 777-300ER, yet is considerable lighter; it is made with more modern construction techniques, it is equipped with a more modern engine and it has only 4 door pairs.

Source: Grupo Joly

This gives the A350-1000 a distinctive performance advantage.


Staying with 4 door pairs, the total length of the aircraft can only be stretched with around 4m before the distance between exit doors go beyond the allowed 60 feet.


As no additional safety exits will be necessary, such an extension will increase the aircraft’s capacity to around 400 seats.


Leahy has said that the favoured engine alternative is a stretched variant of the A350-1000 engine Rolls-Royce TWB 97k.

By staying within the exit limits of 4 door pairs (max capacity 440 seats), a capacity increase of 40 seats is possible with minimal changes to other parts of the aircraft.

Source: Airbus

This would enable a 400 seat aircraft which has a 7,600nm range with a MTOW which is below 320t.

This is a full 32t less than a competing Boeing 777-9 that has only a marginally higher passenger capacity.

Source: Airbus

The lower take-off and empty weight would give an A350-1000 stretch around 10% lower trip costs and around 5% lower seat mile costs.


Based on the article “Airbus exploring higher capacity A350” published in Leeham News

15 March 2016

A 2nd A350 FAL in China in the future?

Airbus will spare no effort to be the dominant player in China, with its president and CEO pledging a personal commitment to the manufacturer's partnerships in the country.

Source: FranceBleu

Speaking to the media ahead of the groundbreaking of its A330 completion and delivery centre in Tianjin, the manufacturer’s first outside of its European home ground, Airbus chief Fabrice Bregier said he first mooted the idea of the widebody facility 2 years ago, believing it to be a necessary step to capture China’s ballooning demand for larger jets.

 “So, we are targeting widebodies in China and focusing first on the A330," said Bergier.

Source: FranceBleu

"We’re also looking for partners to make sure A330 production will remain at high levels, and came to the conclusion that we could not do that without also having a strong industrial footprint.”

True enough, China signed for 45 A330s when Airbus inked the agreement for the A330 completions line, and later also firmed options for a further 30 of the type.

Source: Airbus
Bregier pointed out that the 75 A330s are the largest order for widebodies from China thus far.

He described this as “only the beginning of a very long and successful journey”.

Once operational in 2017, Tianjin will become the 3rd city in the world to deliver both narrowbody and widebody aircraft, after Toulouse and Seattle.

Source: FranceBleu

Airbus also intends to extend the line to complete the A330neo and A350 in the future, knowing full well the importance of the market, which absorbs about 20% of its annual aircraft production.

Bregier contended that its A320 final assembly line in Tianjin has played a critical role to grow its China marketshare from 27% in 2004 to the current 50%.

Source: Airbus

He therefore does not rule out the possibility of setting up a widebody production line in the country, but points out that Airbus does not at current have a business case to do so. Widebody assembly, he says, is “more complex and costly”.

“China has focused, rightly so, on single-aisle a lot and will continue to procure lots of single-aisles, but I’m sure the next step will be getting more widebodies. So perhaps one day there will be enough market to look at such an investment.”

“We have to be realistic, we will not get 80% of the Chinese market. Being above 50% is my target. In the coming years there will be new players such as Comac, this is why we support our commercial efforts through this very important A330 completion centre investment.”


Based on the article “Airbus chief discusses China production strategy” published in Flight Global.

11 March 2016

Emirates tries to push Airbus for A380neo instead of stretched A350-1000

Emirates President Tim Clark faulted Airbus for lacking a coherent strategy on its biggest airplanes, saying Airbus should focus on an upgrade of its A380 rather than spend resources on yet another variant of its A350 model.
Source: Getty Images

Emirates scrapped a deal for 70 A350s (50 A350-900s and 20 A350-1000 in Jun/2014) and is currently weighing the A350-900 against Boeing’s 787-9 and 787-10.

Emirates is also the world’s leading wide-body operator, with 140 A380 orders and currently 75 planes in the fleet.

Source: Singapore Airlines

Airbus’s thinking has become increasingly hard to read and talk of further extending the stretched A350-1000 makes little sense, Clark said adding that he’s not sure the manufacturer could afford to fund that project alongside the upgraded A380 he’s keen to buy.

“There seems to be a certain amount of cloudiness,” Clark said. “They’ve got the A380neo and then bingo, out pops the new A350-1000. I’m not quite sure how that’s going to pan out.”

Source: Airbus
Airbus’s increasing focus on a double-stretch A350 is of less interest to Emirates because the plane would compete with the largest version of Boeing’s revamped 777X - an aircraft it’s already taking.

Clark said a bigger A350 would add weight and create issues at airports because of the extra length.

Leahy said last week that Airbus isn’t interested in swaying Gulf carriers that are buying the 777X, adding that he’d prefer to “optimize an airplane” for customers such as United Airlines and British Airways that don’t require the performance to operate from very hot desert environments.

Based on the article “Emirates Blasts Airbus for Confused Strategy on Wide-Body Jets” published in Bloomberg

04 March 2016

Airbus is in active discussions with various Chinese airlines regarding the A350 because Airbus is confident that it is the right aircraft for Chinese airlines to operate to Europe and North America.

Source: Airbus

Air China is Airbus’ only A350 Chinese customer, with an order for 10 A350-900s.

But the lack of early available delivery slots for the A350 is a major challenge for Airbus as it pitches the type to Chinese customers.

Source: A380_TLS_A350

“Our industrial constraint is that you need to place the order well in advance to ensure delivery at a given period… so with 800 A350s being ordered, of course it’s a mathematical exercise,” said Airbus China president and chief executive Eric Chen.

Source: Airbus

The problem in particular for Chinese customers, is that they plan their fleet requirements in 5-year periods, and are cautious when it comes to ordering aircraft beyond that timeframe. The next five year period covers 2016 to 2020.

Source: Airbus

“We’re trying to satisfy our customers, but yes I have slot issues,” says Chen.

“The key for us is industrial ramp up to produce enough production required by the market. That for me is a real challenge.”

Based on the article “A350 slot constraints pose challenge for Airbus in China” published in FlightGlobal.

03 March 2016

Singapore Airlines plans 2 months of regional routes with A350 for crew training.

Singapore Airlines has become the 5th A350 XWB operator with the delivery of its 1st aircraft last Tuesday 2/March .

Source: @DawnTanCNA

Singapore Airlines’ aircraft has been configured with a 253 seats layout in 3-classes; 42 Business Class, 24 Premium Economy and 187 Economy.

Altogether the airline has ordered 67 A350-900s. 7 of the aircraft will be delivered with an ultra-long range capability for flights of up to 19 hours, allowing the carrier to resume non-stop flights to Los Angeles and New York.

Source: Airbus

To date, Airbus has recorded a total of 783 firm orders for the A350 XWB from 42 customers worldwide, already making it one of the most successful widebody aircraft ever.

The airline is planning to start commercial services from 8/March on regional routes to Kuala Lumpur and Jakarta. The first long-haul service commences on 9/May.

Here are the initial routes:

Singapore – Kuala Lumpur; between 8/March and 8/May
Singapore – Jakarta; from 10/May (twice daily)

Source: Airbus

Singapore – Amsterdam; from 9/May
Singapore – Dusseldorf; from 21/July

Based on the press release “Singapore Airlines becomes new operator of the A350 XWB”. 

28 February 2016

278t/300pax variant A350-900 for Philippine Airlines for non-stop Manila-New York route.

Philippine Airlines –which has ordered up to 12 A350-900s- is set to receive a higher-weight version of the A350-900 designed to provide enhanced capability on particular long routes.

The aircraft will have a “slightly increased” maximum take-off weight of 278t.

Airbus´s formal specifications for the A350-900 identify 3 current weight variants for the twinjet type; 268t, 272t and 275t maximum take-off weights.

Source: A380_TLS_A350

The type´s fuel capacity is listed by Airbus as 138.000 litres, common to each weight variant.

Airbus said that the enhancement to 278t for Philippine Airlines will allow it to operate non-stop year-round on the Manila.New York route, with a full passenger load.

Manila, with high average daytime temperatures although its coastal location means it is situated at relatively low altitude, is 13.700km (7.400nm) far from New York (great-circle distance).

Philippine Airlines has stated that the A350-900 will be fitted with 300 seats but has to disclose full details of the passenger cabin configuration.

Source: Airbus

Phillipine Airlines is set to take delivery of its first A350 by the end of 2018.

The weight change is the only amendment to the A350 specification for the carrier. It has not indicated whether any other airlines hve requested the same enhancement.

Based on the article “Higher-weight A350-900 to go the distance for PAL” published in FlightGlobal.